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Agricultural and Fish Production - Year 2018
1. Sugar cane
The production of sugar cane went down by 15% from 3,713,331 tonnes in 2017 to 3,154,516 tonnes in 2018. The average yield has decreased by 11% from 74.31 tonnes per hectare in 2017 to 66.16 in 2018. The area harvested decreased from 49,974 hectares in 2017 to 47,678 hectares in 2018.
The production of sugar went down by 9% from 355,213 tonnes in 2017 to 323,406 tonnes in 2018. Compared to 9.57% in 2017, the average extraction rate was 10.26% in 2018 representing an increase of 7.2%.
Area under tea plantation in 2018 was 656 hectares, representing an increase of 5.5% over the figure of 622 hectares in 2017. Production of green tea leaves went up by 10.2% from 7,309 tonnes in 2017 to 8,056 tonnes in 2018. The production of manufactured tea increased by 6.6% from 1,379 tonnes in 2017 to 1,470 tonnes in 2018.
3. Food Crops
A total of 7,646 hectares under food crops was harvested in 2018, representing a decrease of 1.7% over the figure of 7,780 hectares in 2017. The production decreased by 9.2% from 106,621 tonnes to 96,847 tonnes in 2018, mainly explained by unfavourable climatic conditions. The area under rice cultivation harvested decreased by 76.8% from 56 hectares in 2017 to 13 hectares in 2018. The production of paddy rice went down by 88.1% from 160 tonnes to 19 tonnes during the same period.
In 2018, beef production from live cattle was 2,053 tonnes, 1.2% lower than the production of 2,078 tonnes in 2017. Production of beef from the slaughter of imported cattle decreased by 0.9% and that of local beef went down by 9.3%.
Production of goat meat and mutton went up by 8.9% from 56 tonnes in 2017 to 61 tonnes in 2018. The production of pork decreased by 10.4%.
The production of poultry was 49,000 tonnes in 2018 compared to 47,500 tonnes in 2017.
Fish production increased by 28.7% from 22,732 tonnes in 2017 to 29,255 tonnes in 2018. Production of other catch (tuna, bank etc) rose by 29.7% and that of fresh coastal fish catch increased by 16.6%.