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In 2017, the population comprised 638,886 women compared to 625,727 men. Women outnumbered men by 13,159 as they live on average seven years longer than men.
Diabetes mellitus was the leading cause of death, accounting for around 25% of deaths among women and 22% among men.
More women than men are enrolled in tertiary institutions, but there are fewer women in research (PhD, MPhil and Doctor of Business Administration).
Working women are more likely than men to be employees and contributing family workers, but less likely to be heading a business.
Employed women work on average five hours less than men.
In spite of being fewer in the labour force, women are more numerous among the unemployed.
Unemployed women are generally more qualified than their male counterparts.
Average income tends to be lower for women than men – Rs 16,800 against Rs 22,300 monthly in 2017.
The proportion of women in the most senior positions in government services (Senior Chief Executive, Permanent Secretary, Deputy Permanent Secretary, Director, Manager, Judge and Magistrate) increased from 20% in 1997 to 37% in 2017.
Women are more likely to be victims of domestic violence than men.
Men are more likely to be victims of homicides and assaults, while women are more prone to sexual offences.
Men are more likely than women to participate in sports as high level athletes.