Labour force, Employment and Unemployment – Year 2014
1. The labour force for year 2014 was estimated at 575,700 (352,800 males and 222,900 females) and employment at 530,900 (333,400 males and 197,500 females).
2. The estimated number of unemployed for 2014 was 44,800 (19,400 males and 25,400 females). The unemployment rate worked out to 7.8% (5.5% for male and 11.4% for female).
- Change from 2013 to 2014
a. Labour force increased by 4,500 from 571,200 to 575,700
b. Activity rate remained unchanged at 59.9%. Male activity rate increased from 75.1% to 75.2% while female activity rate decreased from 45.4% to 45.3%
c. Employment increased by 5,200 from 525,700 to 530,900 driven by an increase of 3,600 in female employment and 1,600 in male employment
d. Unemployment rate decreased from 8.0% to 7.8%. Male unemployment rate increased from 5.3% to 5.5% while female unemployment rate decreased from 12.2% to 11.4%.
- Situation in 2014
a. Men comprised nearly two third of the workforce.
b. Most of the workers were employees.
c. The tertiary sector was the main source of jobs for Mauritians.
d. Unemployed women outnumbered unemployed men though they were generally more qualified.
- Evolution from 2004 to 2014
a. Men are more economically active than women but the gap is decreasing over time
b. Female employment is increasing faster than male employment
c. The tertiary sector is becoming increasingly important in terms of employment
d. From a high value of 9.6% in 2005, unemployment rate decreased till 2008 after which an upward trend was observed. However, a slight decline is noted in 2014.