Economic and Social Indicators
Highlights - Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) statistics, 2014
Between 2013 and 2014, ICT access improved in the country as indicated by the following:
· number of mobile cellular phone subscriptions per 100 inhabitants from 121.7 to 130.9;
· number of internet subscriptions per 100 inhabitants from 54.0 to 58.3; and
· number of fixed telephone lines per 100 inhabitants from 28.8 to 29.5.
The international internet bandwidth per inhabitant increased from 9,462 in 2013 to 13,535 bits per second in 2014.
Trade in ICT goods increased from 2013 to 2014 as follows:
· Imports by 79.8% from Rs 9,280 million to Rs 16,688 million; and
· Exports, including re-exports increased almost five folds Rs 2,042 million to R 9,598 million.
Increases in both imports and exports of ICT goods are mainly due to higher imports and exports (including re-exports) of Cellular Mobile phones.
Trade in ICT services from 2013 to 2014 were as follows:
· Imports increased by 8.7% from Rs 2,529 million to Rs 2,749 million; while
· Exports decreased slightly by 0.9% from Rs 5,536 million to Rs 5,487 million.
Contribution to Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
The ICT sector comprises ICT-related activities in Manufacturing, Telecommunications, Wholesale and Retail Trade, and Business Services such as call centres, software development and website development. The value added of the ICT sector rose by 7.1% from Rs 20,351 million in 2013 to Rs 21,796 million in 2014. The share of ICT sector in GDP in 2014 was 6.4%, slightly higher than 6.3% in 2013. Around 44% of value added of the ICT sector in 2014 was generated by activities of Telecommunications, 13% by Wholesale and Retail Trade and 43% by the remaining activities such as Manufacturing, Call Centres, Software Development and Website Development.
Employment in large establishments (employing 10 or more persons) operating in the ICT sector increased by 4.6% from 14,094 in 2013 to 14,747 in 2014.
ICT Development Index (IDI)
The ICT Development Index (IDI) of the country, which ranges from 0 (lowest ICT development) to 10 (highest ICT development) improved from 5.34 in 2013 to 5.67 in 2014. In 2013, according to the International Telecommunication Union, among 166 countries, Mauritius ranked 70th while Denmark, with an IDI of 8.86, ranked first. It is to be noted that Mauritius ranked highest among African countries.