Between 2012 and 2013, ICT access improved in the country. Increases were registered in:
· number of mobile cellular phone subscriptions per 100 inhabitants from 118.2 to 121.7;
· number of internet subscriptions per 100 inhabitants from 45.2 to 54.0; and
· the number of fixed telephone lines per 100 inhabitants from 27.8 to 28.8.
The international internet bandwidth per inhabitant increased from 6,580 in 2012 to 9,462 bits per second in 2013.
Trade in ICT goods increased from 2012 to 2013 as follows:
· Imports by 14.9% from R 7,502 million to R 8,621 million; and
· Exports, including re-exports, by 344.0% from R 455 million to R 2,020 million (mainly due to increase in the re-exports of mobile cellular phones).
Trade in ICT services increased from 2012 to 2013 as follows:
· Imports by 13.7% from R 2,224 million to R 2,529 million; and
· Exports by 8.4% from R 5,107 million to R 5,536 million.
Contribution to Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
The ICT sector comprises ICT-related activities in Manufacturing, Telecommunications, Wholesale and Retail Trade, and Business Services such as call centres, software development and website development. The value added of the ICT sector rose by 6.6% from R 19,226 million in 2012 to R 20,487 million in 2013. The share of ICT sector in GDP in 2013 was 6.3%, slightly lower than 6.4% in 2012. Around 45% of value added of the ICT sector in 2013 was generated by activities of Telecommunications and 12% by Wholesale and Retail Trade.
Employment in large establishments (employing 10 or more persons) operating in the ICT sector increased by 8.6% from 12,972 in 2012 to 14,094 in 2013.
ICT Development Index (IDI)
The ICT Development Index (IDI) of the country, which ranges from 0 (lowest ICT development) to 10 (highest ICT development) improved from 4.68 in 2012 to 5.11 in 2013. In 2012, according to the International Telecommunication Union, among 157 countries, Mauritius ranked 72nd while the Republic of Korea, with an IDI of 8.57, ranked first.