Household Budget Survey 2012– Main Results
Updated weights for the Consumer Price Index
Statistics Mauritius conducted the ninth Household Budget Survey (HBS) from January to December 2012 in the Republic of Mauritius. The survey studied the consumption pattern of the population living in private households in Mauritius with a view to updating the basket of goods and services used for the computation of the monthly Consumer Price Index (CPI).
(i) Average monthly household disposable income increased by 53.9% from Rs 19,080 in 2006/07 to Rs 29,360 in 2012. After adjusting for inflation and decrease in household size between 2006/07 and 2012, the real increase worked out to 22.3%.
(ii) Income inequality increased between 2006/07 and 2012. The share of total income going to the 20% of households at the lower end of the income range decreased from 6.1% in 2006/07 to 5.4% in 2006/07. On the other hand, the share of the upper 20% of households increased from 45.6% to 47.4%.
(iii) The rise in income inequality is confirmed by an increase in the Gini coefficient from 0.388 in 2006/07 to 0.413 in 2012.
(iv) Average monthly household consumption expenditure increased by 51.7% from Rs 15,770 in 2006/07 to Rs 23,930 in 2012. After adjusting for inflation and the decrease in household size between 2006/07 and 2012, the increase worked out to 20.6%.
(v) In 2012, ‘Food and non-alcoholic beverages’ had the largest share of household consumption expenditure (27%) followed by ‘Transport’ (15%), ‘Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels’ (12%) and ‘Alcoholic beverages and tobacco’ (10%).
(vi) The proportion of poor households below the relative poverty line, set at the half median household income per adult equivalent, was 9.4% in 2012 up from 7.9% in 2006/07.
CPI weights (per 1,000)
(vii) The weight for ‘Food and non alcoholic beverages’ declined from 286 in 2006/07 to 273 in 2012. Within this category of expenditure, the weight for government imported rice declined from 3 to 1 and that for other rice decreased from 21 to 20.
(viii) The weight for ‘Education’ registered the highest increase from 32 in 2006/07 to 45 in 2012, explained mainly by the higher weight for expenditure on university fees from 10 to 19.
(ix) The weight for ‘Health’ rose from 30 to 40 mainly due to increases in the weights for doctors’ fees from 7 to 11 and paramedical services (which cover laboratory services, x-rays, physiotherapist services etc.) from negligible to 3.
(x) The weight for ‘Transport’ increased from 147 to 151. Within ‘Transport’, the weights for purchase of vehicles increased from 44 to 52 and that for gasolene from 36 to 44, while travelling expenses by air, bus and taxi registered declines.