ESI on Gender Statistics, 2014
(i) In 2014, the population comprised 636,932 women compared to 624,002 men. Women outnumbered men by 12,930 as they live on average seven years longer than men.
(ii) Women continue to give birth to fewer children than in the past.
(iii) Both men and women are getting married at an older age and the age difference between them is narrowing over time.
(iv) Diabetes, heart disease, cerebrovascular disease and cancer together accounted for 62.9% of causes of deaths among women against 56.2% of men’s deaths.
(v) More women than men are enrolled in tertiary institutions.
(vi) Working women are more likely than men to be employees and contributing family workers but less likely to be heading business.
(vii) Employed women work on average six hours less than men.
(viii) In spite of being fewer in the labour force, women are more numerous among the unemployed.
(ix) Unemployed women were generally more qualified than their male counterparts.
(x) Average income tends to be lower for women than for men – Rs14,800 against Rs19,900 monthly in 2014.
(xi) Women are largely under-represented in decision making at higher sphere of society. The number of female parliamentarians is 8 out of a total of 70.
(xii) More women are occupying high positions in government services. The proportion of women in the most senior positions has increased from 19% to 45% over the past 15 years.
(xiii) Domestic violence against men and women is declining, though women are more likely to be victims.
(xiv) Men are more likely to be victims of homicides and assaults while women are more prone to sexual offences.
(xv) In 2014, Mauritius held the 106th position out of 142 countries compared to the 98th position the previous year according to the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) of the World Economic Forum. The GGI seeks to measure gender equality across four key areas: economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, health and survival and political empowerment.
Ministry of Finance and Economic Development