ESI on Gender Statistics, 2013
(i) In 2013, the population comprised 635,792 women compared to 622,861 men. Women outnumbered men by 12,931 as they live on average seven years longer than men.
(ii) Both men and women are getting married at an older age and the age difference between them is narrowing over time.
(iii) Diabetes, heart disease and cancer together accounted for 58.7% of causes of deaths among women against 52.9% of men’s deaths.
(iv) Girls generally perform better than boys at primary and secondary level of education. The difference in boys’ and girls’ performances was higher at lower level and narrowed down as the level increases.
(v) Women predominate among school teachers and their representativeness is more pronounced at primary level and at Special Education Needs schools.
(vi) Working women are more likely than men to be employees and contributing family workers but less likely to be heading business.
(vii) Employed women work on average six hours less than men.
(viii) More women are occupying high positions in government services. The proportion of women in the most senior positions has increased from 23% to 40% over the past 13 years.
(ix) In spite of being fewer in the labour force, women are more numerous among the unemployed.
(x) Average income tends to be lower for women than for men – Rs13,300 against Rs17,900 monthly in 2013.
(xi) Women are more likely than men to live in poverty. Poor households were more likely to be headed by women.
(xii) Domestic violence against men is on the increase, though women are more likely to be victims.
(xiii) In 2013, Mauritius held the 98th position out of 136 countries according to Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) of the World Economic Forum. The GGI seeks to measure gender equality across four key areas: economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, health and survival and political empowerment.
Ministry of Finance and Economic Development