1. Sugar cane
At the end of June 2014, some 4,133 hectares under sugar cane for crop 2014 were harvested, yielding 319,391 tonnes of sugar cane and 28,583 tonnes of sugar. The corresponding figures for the same period of 2013 were 1,810 hectares, 128,252 tonnes of sugar cane and 12,178 tonnes of sugar respectively. The higher figures for 2014 are mainly explained by cane crushing starting on 26 May this year as compared to 14 June last year. The average extraction rate as at end of June 2014 was 8.95% compared to 9.50% as at end of June 2013.
The latest estimate of the Mauritius Chamber of Agriculture for the production of sugar for the 2014 crop is 415,000 tonnes, representing an increase of 2.5% compared to 404,713 tonnes for 2013.
At the end of June 2014, area under tea plantation was 672 hectares, same as at the end of June 2013. Production of green tea leaves increased by 5.6% from 4,260 tonnes in the first semester of 2013 to 4,498 tonnes in the first semester of 2014. This resulted in an increase in the production of manufactured tea by 6.1% from 839 tonnes to 890 tonnes.
There was no production of tobacco leaves during the first semester of 2014, compared to an area of 1 hectare harvested and a production of 1 tonne in the corresponding period of 2013. It is to be noted that growing of tobacco will cease in 2015.
4. Food crops
A total of 3,737 hectares under food crops was harvested during the first semester of 2014, representing a rise of 4.1% over the figure of 3,589 hectares for the first semester of 2013. The production edged up by 0.2% from 41,885 tonnes to 41,948 tonnes. The area under rice cultivation harvested increased by 32.6% from 304 hectares in the first semester of 2013 to 403 hectares in the first semester of 2014. The production of paddy rice went up by 77.4% from 646 tonnes to 1,146 tonnes during the same period.
During the first six months of 2014 beef production from live cattle was 972 tonnes, 0.1% higher than the production of 971 tonnes in the same period of 2013. Production of beef from the slaughter of imported cattle increased by 2.1%, whereas that of local beef declined by 33.3%.
Production of goat meat and mutton went up by 11.5%, and that of pork dropped by 10.3%.
The production of poultry was 23,000 tonnes in the first semester of 2014 compared to 23,500 tonnes in the corresponding period of 2013.
Fish production increased by 152.4% from 2,331 tonnes in the first six months of 2013 to 5,884 tonnes for the same period of 2014. Production of other catch (tuna, bank etc) rose by 234.0% while that of fresh coastal fish catch declined by 8.5%.