Environment Statistics – 2014
Greenhouse gas (GHG)
1. Net Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emission increased by 3.8% from 3,543 thousand tonnes in 2013 to 3,676 thousand tonnes in 2014, due to a rise in emission mainly from the energy industries (electricity production).
2. In 2014, the energy industries (electricity) remained the main source of CO2 emissions. They contributed around 62% of the emissions followed by the transport industries (25%) and the manufacturing industries (8%).
3. In 2014, solid waste landfilled at Mare Chicose was 417,478 tonnes, 2.9% less than the 429,935 tonnes registered in 2013.
4. Based on latest available data in 2005, sugar cane plantations occupied 39% of the total land area of the Island of Mauritius; forest scrubs and grazing lands 25%; and built-up areas another 25%.
5. The area under sugar cane cultivation harvested decreased by 5.2% from 53,464 hectares in 2013 to 50,687 hectares in 2014 while area under tea cultivation was 672 hectares, the same level as in 2013. There was no tobacco cultivation in 2014.
6. In 2014, the Island of Mauritius received 3,905 million cubic metres (Mm3) of water from rainfall, 1.5% lower when compared to 3,965 Mm3 of water in 2013.
7. Total water utilisation was estimated at 895 Mm3 in 2014. The agricultural sector accounted for 42% (373 Mm3) of the water utilised, hydropower 31% (275 Mm3) while the remaining 27% (247 Mm3) was used by the domestic, industrial and tourism sectors.
8. The number of complaints received by the Pollution Prevention and Control Division of the Ministry of Environment, Sustainable Development, Disaster and Beach Management decreased from 687 in 2013 to 664 in 2014. The complaints were mainly due to: air pollution (21%), waste water (15%), solid waste (14%), noise (12%) and odour (12%).