- Greenhouse gas (GHG)
Net Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emission increased by 2.6% from 3,452 thousand tonnes in 2012 to 3,543 thousand tonnes in 2013, mainly due to a rise in emission from the energy industries (electricity production).
In 2013, the energy industries (electricity) remained the main source of CO2 emissions. They contributed around 62% of the emissions followed by the transport industries (25%) and the manufacturing industries (8%).
- Solid waste
In 2013, solid waste landfilled at Mare Chicose was 429,935 tonnes, 10.8 % more than the 387,925 tonnes registered in 2012.
- Land use
Based on latest available data in 2005, sugar cane plantations occupied 39% of the total land area of the Island of Mauritius; forest, scrubs and grazing lands 25%; and built-up areas another 25%.
The area under sugar cane cultivation harvested decreased by 0.5% from 54,140 hectares in 2012 to 53,871 hectares in 2013 and that under tobacco cultivation dropped by 98.8% from 173 hectares to 2 hectares. On the other hand, area under tea cultivation increased by 0.4% from 669 hectares to 672 hectares.
In 2013, the Island of Mauritius received 3,821 million cubic metres (Mm3) of rainfall, 27.3% higher than in 2012 when 3,001 Mm3 of rainfall were obtained. Total water utilisation was estimated at 888 Mm3 in 2013. The agricultural sector accounted for 42% of the water utilised, hydropower 32% while the remaining 26% was used by the domestic, industrial and tourism sectors.
The number of complaints received by the Pollution Prevention and Control Division of the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development increased from 662 in 2012 to 687 in 2013. The complaints were mainly due to noise (22%), air pollution (17%), solid waste (14%), waste water (12%) and odour (11%).