Labour force, Employment and Unemployment based on the results of the Continuous Multi Purpose Household Survey – Year 2012
1. The labour force for year 2012 was estimated at 593,100 (368,400 males and 224,700 females) and employment at 544,800 (348,700 males and 196,100 females).
2. The estimated number of unemployed for 2012 was 48,300 (19,700 males and 28,600 females). The unemployment rate worked out to 8.1% (5.3% for male and 12.7% for female).
3. Change from 2011 to 2012
a. Labour force increased by 10,300 from 582,800 to 593,100
b. Activity rate increased from 59.3% to 59.7%. Male activity rate increased from 75.5% to 75.7% and female activity rate from 43.7% to 44.3%
c. Employment increased by 8,100 from 536,700 to 544,800 driven by an increase of 4,200 in female employment and 3,900 in male employment
d. Unemployment rate increased from 7.9% to 8.1%. Male unemployment rate increased from 5.2% to 5.3% and female unemployment rate from 12.5% to 12.7%.
4. Situation in 2012
a. The workforce was made up of twice as many men as women.
b. Most of the workers were employees, the proportion being higher among females (84%) than among males (77%).
c. Some 65% of the Mauritian workforce was employed in the tertiary sector.
d. Unemployed women outnumbered unemployed men by 8,900, though they were generally more qualified.
5. Evolution from 2002 to 2012
a. Men are more economically active than women but the gap is decreasing over time
b. Female employment is increasing faster than male employment
c. The tertiary sector is becoming increasingly important in terms of employment
d. Unemployment rate has been increasing to reach a peak in 2005; it then decreased till 2008 after which an upward trend was observed.