1. Throughout the period 2014 to 2017, the quarterly GDP follows almost the same seasonal pattern every year. Production is relatively low in the first quarter, increases gradually in the two subsequent quarters and peaks in the last quarter before declining in the first quarter of the following year.
Quarterly growth rate by industry group (fourth quarter 2017 over fourth quarter 2016)
2. GVA growth rate for the fourth quarter of 2017 over the corresponding quarter of 2016 is estimated at 3.3%. The growth was mainly due to:
(i) “Financial and insurance activities” contributing 0.7 percentage point;
(ii) “Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles” contributing 0.4 percentage point;
(iii) “Construction” contributing 0.3 percentage point.
Quarterly growth rates of components of expenditure
3. Total final consumption expenditure in real terms increased by 2.2% in the fourth quarter of 2017. Final consumption expenditure of households grew by 2.6% and that of general government declined by 0.4%.
4. Investment (Gross fixed capital formation) grew by 4.1% after a growth of 6.4% in the third quarter of 2017. The 4.1% growth in the fourth quarter of 2017 was due to a growth of 6.3% in “Building and construction work” and 0.5% in “Machinery and equipment”.
5. Exports of goods and services contracted by a further 3.4% in the fourth quarter of 2017 following the negative growth of 1.9% in the third quarter . Imports of goods and services grew by 11% in the fourth quarter of 2017 following a decline of 0.7% in the previous quarter.
Quarter to quarter GVA growth (based on seasonally adjusted GVA)
6. Based on seasonally adjusted data, quarter to quarter GVA grew by 0.8% in the fourth quarter of 2017 compared to a growth of 1.3% in the third quarter of 2017.