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Statistics Mauritius (under the aegis of the Ministry of Finance, Economic Planning and Development)
Statistics Mauritius>Publications>Labour Force, Employment and Unemployment (based on the results of the CMPHS) Year 2016

Labour Force, Employment and Unemployment (based on the results of the CMPHS) Year 2016

1.      The labour force for year 2016 was estimated at 581,000 (353,600 males and 227,400 females) and employment at 538,600 (336,700 males and 201,900 females).
2.      The estimated number of unemployed for 2016 was 42,400 (16,900 males and 25,500 females). The unemployment rate worked out to 7.3% (4.8% for male and 11.2% for female).


3. Change from 2015 to 2016

a.       The Mauritian labour force decreased by 3,600 while the number of inactives increased by 10,800 with 11,900 in the age of 50 years and over.
b.      Employment went up by 300 and unemployment went down by 3,900.
c.       The overall activity rate decreased from 60.4% to 59.6% and the unemployment rate from 7.9% to 7.3%.
d.      Youth employment went up by 800 and unemployment down by 2.300.
e.       Youth unemployment rate therefore decreased by 2.4 percentage points from 26.3% to 23.9%.

4. Situation in 2016

a.       Men comprised 61% of the workforce.
b.      Most of the workers (79%) were employees.
c.       Among the unemployed, women outnumbered men (25,500 compared to 16,900) though they were generally more qualified.
d.      Unemployment rate was highest at the lowest age groups and decreased progressively with increasing age. Youth (aged 16 to 24 years) unemployment rate stood at 23.9% (18.3% for male and 31.2% for female).

5. Evolution from 2006 to 2016

a.       Men are more economically active than women but the gap is decreasing over time
b.      Female employment is increasing faster than male employment
c.       The tertiary sector is becoming increasingly important in terms of employment
d.      From 9.0% recorded in 2006, the unemployment rate was at its lowest in 2008 (7.2%) after which an upward trend was observed till 2012 (8.0%). The rate remained at 7.8%, 8.0% up to 2015 and declined significantly to 7.3% in 2016.
e.       From a rate of 23.4% in 2006, youth unemployment dropped to 19.3% in 2008. It then rose to 26.3% in 2015 and declined to 23.9% in 2016.
May 2017