Economic and Social Indicators
Highlights - Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) statistics, 2012
Between 2011 and 2012, ICT access improved in the country. Increases were registered in:
· number of mobile cellular phone subscriptions per 100 inhabitants from 100.4 to 114.9;
· number of internet subscriptions per 100 inhabitants from 28.7 to 44.0;
· the proportion of households with a computer from 37.7% to 44.9%; and
· the proportion of households with internet access at home from 29.0% to 39.2%.
The number of fixed telephone lines per 100 inhabitants, however, decreased from 29.1 to 27.0.
The international internet bandwidth per inhabitant increased from 4,505.4 in 2011 to 6,396.4 bits per second in 2012.
Trade in ICT goods increased from 2011 to 2012 as follows:
· Imports by 16.2% from R 6,385 million to R 7,418 million; and
· Exports, including re-exports, by 10.9% from R 358 million to R 397 million.
Trade in ICT services from 2011 to 2012 were as follows:
· Imports declined by 11.5% from R 2,514 million to R 2,224 million; and
· Exports increased by 10.3% from R 4,630 million to R 5,107 million.
Contribution to Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
The ICT sector comprises ICT-related activities in Manufacturing, Telecommunications, Wholesale and Retail Trade, and Business Services such as call centres, software development and website development. The value added of the ICT sector rose by 6.1% from R 18,272 million in 2011 to R 19,388 million in 2012. The share of ICT sector in GDP in 2012 was 6.4%, same as in 2011. Around 44% of value added of the ICT sector in 2012 was generated by activities of Telecommunications and 12% by Wholesale and Retail Trade.
Employment in large establishments (employing 10 or more persons) operating in the ICT sector decreased by 1.1% from 13,116 in 2011 to 12,972 in 2012.
ICT Development Index (IDI)
Mauritius made progress towards becoming an information society from 2011 to 2012. The ICT Development Index (IDI) of the country, which ranges from 0 (lowest ICT development) to 10 (highest ICT development), improved from 4.21 in 2011 to 4.57 in 2012.
Latest provisional IDI figures compiled by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) are available by country for 2011. According to these figures, Mauritius ranked 74th among 155 countries in 2011 in terms of ICT development while Korea (IDI of 8.56) ranked first.