(i) In 2019, the population comprised 639,544 women compared to 626,167 men. Women outnumbered men by 13,377 as they live on average 6.5 years longer than men.
(ii) Diabetes mellitus, heart disease, cerebrovascular disease and hypertensive disease together accounted for 55.5% of all deaths among women against 51.3% among men.
(iii) More women than men are enrolled in tertiary institutions, but there are fewer women in research (PhD, MPhil and Doctor of Business Administration).
(iv) Working women are more likely than men to be employees and contributing family workers, but less likely to be heading a business.
(v) In spite of being fewer in the labour force, women are more numerous among the unemployed.
(vi) Unemployed women are generally more qualified than their male counterparts.
(vii) Average monthly income tends to be lower for women than men – Rs 19,100 against Rs 25,100 in 2019.
(viii) Women are more likely than men to live in poverty. Poor households are more likely to be headed by women.
(ix) Women are largely under-represented in decision making at higher sphere of society. The number of female ministers was only 3 out of 24 and the number of female mayors was 1 out of 5 in 2019.
(x) The proportion of women in the most senior positions in government services (Senior Chief Executive, Permanent Secretary, Deputy Permanent Secretary, Director, Manager, Judge and Magistrate) was 37% and 39% in 2018 and 2019 respectively.
(xi) Women are more likely to be victims of domestic violence than men.
(xii) Men are more likely to be victims of homicides and assaults, while women are more prone to sexual violence and sexual exploitation.
(xiii) Men are more likely than women to participate in sports as high level athletes.
(xiv) In 2019, according to the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) of the World Economic Forum, Mauritius was ranked 115 out of 153 countries worldwide compared to 109 in 2018. The GGI measures gender equality across four key areas, namely: (a) economic participation and opportunity, (b) educational attainment, (c) health and survival and (d) political empowerment.
Ministry of Finance and Economic Development
20 July, 2020