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Statistics Mauritius (under the aegis of the Ministry of Finance & Economic Development)
Statistics Mauritius>Publications>External Trade 4th Quarter 2018

External Trade 4th Quarter 2018

Highlights
 
Exports
 
Total exports for the fourth quarter of 2018 amounted to Rs 21,295 million, showing an increase of 6.4 % compared to the corresponding quarter of 2017. This is mainly explained by increases in exports of “Ship’s stores and bunkers” (+30.7%), “Food and live animals” (+9.9%), “Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material” (+2.8%) and “Miscellaneous manufactured goods” (+2.0%) partly offset by a decrease in exports of “Chemicals and chemical products n.e.s” (-0.4%).
 
Exports of Export Oriented Enterprises (EOE) amounted to Rs 10,686 million, lower by 1.3%. 
 
Exports to our main buyers went up for USA (+37.5%) and South Africa (+31.7%) but dropped for UK (-15.6%), France (-13.6%) and Madagascar (-3.4%).
 
Compared to the previous quarter, total exports for the fourth quarter of 2018 increased by 1.7%. This is mainly explained by an increase in the exports of “Food and live animals” (+19.6%) partly offset by decreases in exports of “Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material” (-9.2%), “Miscellaneous manufactured goods” (-6.4%) and “Ship’s stores and bunkers” (-1.1%).
 
Increases were registered in exports to USA (+36.9%), South Africa (+3.0% ) and Madagascar (+2.3%) while exports to France and UK decreased by 9.3% and 3.5% respectively.
 
Imports
 
Total imports rose by 5.7% from Rs 52,011 million in the fourth quarter of 2017 to Rs 54,974 million in the fourth quarter of 2018. This is mainly due to increases in imports of “Mineral fuels, lubricants and related products” (+21.8%), “Miscellaneous manufactured articles” (+8.1%) and “Machinery and transport equipment” (+7.3%) partly offset by a decrease in “Food and live animals” (-4.2%).
 
Imports from our main suppliers rose for South Africa (+7.7%), India (+24.2%) and China (+3.1%) while those from France fell by 0.4%.
 
Compared to the previous quarter, total imports for the fourth quarter of 2018 went up by 8.9%.  This is mainly due to increases in imports of “Miscellaneous manufactured articles” (+34.4%), “Food and live animals” (+14.5%). “Mineral fuels, lubricants and related products” (+9.0%) and “Machinery and transport equipment” (+5.2%) partly offset by decreases in “Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material” (-4.8%) and “Crude materials, inedible except fuels” (-2.8%).
 
Increases were noted for our main suppliers China (+9.5%), India (+9.6%), France (+15.6%) and South Africa (+14.5%).
 
Balance of trade
 
The trade deficit for the fourth quarter of 2018 works out to Rs 33,679 million, 5.3% higher than the deficit of Rs 31,999 million for the corresponding quarter of 2017. Compared to the previous quarter, the deficit was higher by 14.0%.
 
Forecast 2019
 
Based on recent trends and information from various sources, total imports (including one-off items such as aircraft, wind turbines and metro trains) are forecasted at around Rs 212,000 million and total exports will be at around Rs 83,000 million for the year 2019.  The trade deficit is therefore expected to be around Rs 129,000 million in 2019.
 
 
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February 2019