1. Crime, justice and security statistics comprises statistics compiled from the Mauritius Police Force, the Judiciary, the Mauritius Prison Services & the Probation and Aftercare Service. It also includes statistics on victimisation and public perception on crime obtained at the Continuous Multipurpose Household Survey (CMPHS) carried out by Statistics Mauritius (SM) in 2013.
2. Care should be taken in interpreting these figures. When comparing figures it should be realised that police and judiciary figures are based on offences but prison and probation figures are based on offenders, and that many offenders are sentenced for more than one offence. Offences reported at the police can sometimes be reclassified as they proceed from police investigation through prosecution to final court sentence. Also trends in certain offences are affected by police activities and priorities.
3. Offences reported to the police, exclusive of contraventions, increased by 2% from 40,901 in 2012 to 41,857 in 2013, mainly explained by a rise of 5% in the number of property offences.
4. Road traffic contraventions dropped by 1% from 213,686 to 211,546 mainly due to decreases in ‘Failing to wear seat belt whilst driving’ (-34%)’and ‘failing to produce driving license on demand’ (-6%). On the other hand, contraventions for ‘exceeding speed limit’ increased by 18%.
5. Some 20,195 persons were suspected, arrested or cautioned in the course of criminal investigations in 2013, up by 7% from 18,883 in 2012. The number of persons prosecuted increased by 10% to 14,547 in 2013 from 13,276 in 2012.
6. The number of criminal cases lodged increased by 5% from 121,263 in 2012 to 127,438 in 2013. During the same period, the number of criminal cases disposed of rose by 15% from 109,157 to 125,921.
7. Out of the 2,990 convicts admitted to prison in 2013, 54% have been imprisoned more than once in the past; and 53% were fine defaulters who did not pay fines of Rs 25,000 or less, and convicts sentenced to less than one month imprisonment.
8. An average amount of Rs 630 was spent daily to maintain a detainee in 2013.
9. Some 285 persons were issued with probation orders in 2013, representing a rise of 9% compared to 262 in 2012.
10. The number of offenders subjected to community service work increased by 21% from 487 in 2012 to 587 in 2013.
11. Out of every 100 respondents aged 16 years and over interviewed at the 2013 CMPHS, 78 indicated that crime level for the country in general has gone up.