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Statistics Mauritius (under the aegis of the Ministry of Finance & Economic Development)
Statistics Mauritius>Publications>Crime, Justice and Security Statistics - Year 2017

Crime, Justice and Security Statistics - Year 2017

Highlights
 
1.             Crime, justice and security statistics comprises statistics compiled from the Mauritius Police Force, the Office of Director of Public Prosecutions, the Judiciary, the Mauritius Prison Service & the Probation and Aftercare Service.
 
2.             Care should be taken in interpreting these figures. When comparing figures it should be realised that police and judiciary figures are based on offences but prison and probation figures are based on offenders, and that many offenders are sentenced for more than one offence. Offences reported at the police can sometimes be reclassified as they proceed from police investigation through prosecution to final court sentence. Also trends in certain offences are subject to fluctuations as a result of sensitisation/awareness campaigns and intelligence-led operations.
 
Key points
 
Crime, Justice and Security Statistics, Republic of Mauritius, 2016 & 2017
Key figures
2016
2017
Overall offence rate (excluding contraventions) per 1,000 population
36.3
37.8
Road traffic contravention rate per 1,000 population
184.3
189.9
Juvenile delinquency rate per 1,000 population
6.4
5.2
Conviction rate1 pronounced in court per 1,000 population (excluding contraventions)
22.7
22.5
Imprisonment rate2 per 100,000 population
176.7
178.8
Average prison occupancy level3 (%)
71.4
68.7
1 Number of offences that led to convictions (as opposed to the number of persons convicted) per 1,000 population
2 Daily average number of detainees per 100,000 population
3 Prison population as a percentage of the prison capacity
 
3.    Offences reported to the police, exclusive of contraventions, increased by around 4% from 45,801 in 2016 to 47,792 in 2017, mainly due to rises in drug offences (+10%) and property offences (+8%).
4.     Road traffic contraventions increased by 3%, from 232,862 in 2016 to 240,101 in 2017, mainly due to ‘exceeding speed limit’ which increased from 86,951 to 93,539.
5.    Some 25,936 persons were suspected, arrested and/or cautioned in the course of criminal investigations in 2017, up by 21% from 21,389 in 2016. The number of persons prosecuted decreased by around 1% from 15,634 in 2016 to 15,491 in 2017.
6.    From 2016 to 2017, the number of cases referred by the Office of Director of Public Prosecutions to the Intermediate and Supreme Courts increased by nearly 2% from 1,419 to 1,444.
7.    The number of criminal cases lodged decreased by almost 13% from 115,287 in 2016 to 99,885 in 2017. During the same period, the number of criminal cases disposed of also dropped by 15% from 121,711 to 103,387.
8.    Out of the 2,933 adult convicts admitted to prison in 2017, some 69% were re-offenders who had been imprisoned in the past, regardless of any observation period.
9.    An average amount of Rs 775 was spent daily to maintain a detainee in 2017 in the Island of Mauritius.
10.   In 2017, some 212 probation orders were issued, representing a drop of 42% compared to 365 in 2016.
11.   The number of offenders, subjected to community service orders, increased by 9% from 558 in 2016 to 611 in 2017.
 
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June 2018