1. Sugar cane
At the end of June 2013, some 1,810 hectares under sugar cane for crop 2013 were harvested, yielding 128,252 tonnes of sugar cane and 12,178 tonnes of sugar. The corresponding figures for the same period of 2012 were 1,000 hectares, 63,070 tonnes of sugar cane and 5,745 tonnes of sugar respectively. The higher figures for 2013 are mainly explained by cane crushing starting on 14 June this year as compared to 22 June last year. The average extraction rate as at end of June 2013 was 9.50% compared to 9.11% as at end of June 2012.
The latest estimate of the Mauritius Chamber of Agriculture for the production of sugar for the 2013 crop is 420,000 tonnes, representing an increase of 2.6% compared to 409,200 tonnes for 2012.
At the end of June 2013, area under tea plantation was 669 hectares, same as at the end of June 2012. Production of green tea leaves decreased by 9.0% from 4,683 tonnes in the first semester of 2012 to 4,260 tonnes in the first semester of 2013. This resulted in a decrease in the production of manufactured tea by 9.0% from 922 tonnes to 839 tonnes.
Area harvested during the first semester of 2013 was only 1 hectare compared to 70 hectares in the corresponding period of 2012. As a result, the production of tobacco leaves declined by 99.2% from 131 tonnes to 1 tonne. It is to be noted that growing of tobacco will cease in 2015.
4. Food crops
A total of 3,589 hectares under food crops was harvested during the first semester of 2013, representing a rise of 1.9% over the figure of 3,522 hectares for the first semester of 2012. However, the production declined by 7.8% from 45,439 tonnes to 41,885 tonnes. The area under rice cultivation harvested decreased by 1.6% from 309 hectares in the first semester of 2012 to 304 hectares in the first semester of 2013. The production of paddy rice went down by 22.3% from 831 tonnes to 646 tonnes during the same period.
During the first six months of 2013 beef production from live cattle was 971 tonnes, 1.7% lower than the production of 988 tonnes in the same period of 2012. Production of beef from the slaughter of imported cattle increased by 7.8%, whereas that of local beef declined by 60.6%.
Production of goat meat and mutton, and pork dropped by 10.3% and 6.0% respectively.
The production of poultry was 23,500 tonnes in the first semester of 2013, same as in the corresponding period of 2012.
Fish production increased by 6.7% from 2,184 tonnes in the first half of 2012 to 2,331 tonnes for the same period of 2013. Production of other catch (tuna, bank etc) rose by 26.5% while that of fresh coastal fish catch declined by 18.4%.