1. Sugar cane
At the end of June 2018, some 1,658 hectares under sugar cane for crop 2018 were harvested, yielding 116,353 tonnes of sugar cane and 14,350 tonnes of sugar. The corresponding figures for the same period of 2017 were 2,643 hectares, 197,192 tonnes of sugar cane and 16,454 tonnes of sugar respectively. The average extraction rate as at end of June 2018 was 8.89%, compared to 8.34% as at end of June 2017.
The latest estimate of Mauritius Chamber of Agriculture for the production of sugar for the 2018 crop is 330,000 tonnes, representing a decrease of 7.1%, compared to 355,213 tonnes for 2017.
At the end of June 2018, area under tea plantation was 656 hectares representing an increase of 5.5% over the figure of 622 hectares for the corresponding period of 2017. The production of green tea leaves went down by 3.3% from 4,279 tonnes in the first semester of 2017 to 4,136 tonnes in the first semester of 2018. This resulted in a decrease in the production of manufactured tea by 11.7% from 815 tonnes to 720 tonnes.
3. Food Crops
A total area of 2,789 hectares under food crops was harvested during the first semester of 2018, representing a drop of 16.3% over the figure of 3,332 hectares for the first semester of 2017. The production decreased by 33.4% from 41,989 tonnes to 27,965 tonnes. The area under rice cultivation harvested decreased by 76.4% from 55 hectares in the first semester of 2017 to 13 hectares in the same period of 2018. The production of paddy rice went down by 87.8% from 156 tonnes to 19 tonnes during the same period.
During the first six months of 2018, beef production from live cattle was 1,169 tonnes, 0.3% lower than the production of 1,173 tonnes in the same period of 2017. Production of beef from the slaughter of imported cattle decreased by 1.9% and that of local beef went up from 6 tonnes to 25 tonnes.
Production of goat meat and mutton went up by 11.5% and that of pork decreased by 13.9%.
The production of poultry was 24,000 tonnes in the first semester of 2018 compared to 23,500 tonnes in the corresponding period of 2017.
Fish production increased by 21.4% from 11,090 tonnes in the first six months of 2017 to 13,462 tonnes in the same period of 2018. Production of other catch (tuna, bank etc) rose by 21.8% and that of fresh coastal fish increased by 17.1%.