1. Sugar cane
At the end of June 2012, some 1,000 hectares under sugar cane for crop 2012 were harvested, yielding 63,070 tonnes of sugar cane and 5,745 tonnes of sugar. The corresponding figures for the same period in the year 2011 were 3,950 hectares, 262,151 tonnes of sugar cane and 24,132 tonnes of sugar respectively. The lower figures for 2012 are mainly explained by cane crushing starting on 22 June this year as compared to 9 June last year. The average extraction rate as at end of June 2012 was 9.11% compared to 9.21% as at end of June 2011.
The latest estimate of the Mauritius Chamber of Agriculture for the production of sugar for the 2012 crop is 410,000 tonnes, representing a drop of 5.8% compared to 435,310 tonnes for 2011.
At the end of June 2012, area under tea plantation was 684 hectares, 5.1% higher than that at the end of June 2011. Production of green tea leaves decreased by 11.8% from 5,307 tonnes in the first semester of 2011 to 4,683 tonnes in the first semester of 2012. This resulted in a decrease in production of manufactured tea by 12.4% from 1,053 tonnes to 922 tonnes.
Area harvested during the first semester of 2012 was 70 hectares, same as in the corresponding period of 2011. Production of tobacco leaves grew by 5.6% from 124 tonnes to 131 tonnes.
4. Food crops
A total of 3,348 hectares under food crops was harvested during the first semester of 2012, representing a rise of 8.9% over the figure of 3,075 hectares for the first semester of 2011. As a result the production rose by 5.5% from 41,295 tonnes to 43,548 tonnes. The area under rice cultivation harvested increased by 157.5% from 120 hectares in the first semester of 2011 to 309 hectares in the first semester of 2012. The production of paddy rice went up by 163.0% from 316 tonnes to 831tonnes during the same period.
During the first six months of 2012, beef production was 988 tonnes, 2.8% higher than the production of 961 tonnes registered in the same period of 2011. Production from the slaughter of imported cattle decreased by 2.9% whereas that of local beef went up by 61.2%.
Production of goat meat and mutton and pork dropped by 12.1% and 1.0% respectively.
The production of poultry went up by 2.2% from 23,000 tonnes in the first semester of 2011 to 23,500 tonnes in the corresponding period of 2012.
Fish production decreased by 28.8% from 3,069 tonnes in the first half of 2011 to 2,184 tonnes for the same period of 2012. Fresh coastal fish catch declined by 15.7% and other catch by 36.6%.