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Statistics Mauritius (under the aegis of the Ministry of Finance, Economic Planning and Development)
Statistics Mauritius>2000 POPULATION CENSUS - MAIN RESULTS


1.  Introduction 
The Central Statistics Office (CSO) conducted a Housing Census from February to April 2000, followed by a Population Census in July of the same year.   
The processing and tabulation of the Housing Census data were completed last year.  Main results were published in an issue of an Economic and Social Indicator in September 2000 while detailed results were published in November of the same year in a tabulation report entitled: 
Volume I        -        Housing and Living Conditions. 
The processing and tabulation of the Population Census data are now completed and the detailed results are being published in six volumes as follows: 
                   Volume    II    -        Demographic and Fertility Characteristics
                   Volume   III    -        Economic Characteristics
                   Volume   IV    -        Educational Characteristics
                   Volume    V    -        Household Characteristics
                   Volume   VI    -        Geographical and Migration Characteristics
Volume VII     -        Disability. 
The longer delay in producing the Population Census tables is due to the larger volume and greater complexity of the Population Census data as compared to the Housing Census data. 
                   Tables for all reports are ready; however, it may take some time before a sufficient number of copies are produced by the Government Printer for distribution.  A printout and a soft copy of all reports are available at the CSO.  If data users are in urgent need of specific tables before reports are disseminated, photocopies or soft copies can be made available.  Furthermore, the tabulation files have been converted to HTML and are posted on the CSO’s website.
 2.  Status of published data 
Censuses in all countries are subject to various types of errors, e.g. omission of households and persons, overstatement of unemployment and understatement of income.  Many countries, including developed countries, adjust for certain types of coverage errors and inconsistencies before publishing their census results.
The CSO usually publishes unadjusted census data as soon as they are available and then carries out an exhaustive analysis and evaluation exercise before making any adjustments that may be warranted.  Data evaluation and analysis will be carried out in the coming months and will be published in a series of reports during the course of next year.
                   This report presents a summary of the main results of the 2000 Population Census.  Intercensal comparisons made in this report are based on unadjusted data.  This reduces the effects of errors on the analysis of trends since both censuses are expected to be affected by similar types of errors.
 3. Households 
The 2000 Population Census enumerated 296,300 private households, representing an increase of 25% over the 1990 Census figure of 236,100.
On the other hand, the household size dropped from 4.5 in 1990 to 3.9 in 2000 reflecting the continued tendency of newly formed families to make separate living arrangements.
4. Population size and density 
The resident population of the Republic of Mauritius increased from 1,056,800 at the 1990 Census to 1,179,100 at Census 2000, giving an average annual growth rate of 1.1% for the period 1990-2000 compared to 0.79% for the intercensal period 1983-1990 (Table 1).  The main reason for the higher growth rate in 1990-2000 is that there was much less migration of residents to other countries during 1990-2000 as compared to 1983-1990.
The population density increased from 518 persons per sq km at the 1990 Census to 578 at Census 2000.

5. Sex ratio 
The number of males (men and boys) enumerated at Census 2000 was 583,900 compared to 527,900 in 1990 while the number of females (women and girls) was 595,200 in 2000 against 529,000 in 1990.
The number of males per 1000 females thus declined from 998 in 1990 to 981 in 2000.  This is mainly due to the fact that women live longer than men.
6. Life expectancy 
Life expectancy at birth for men improved from 65.6 years in 1990 to 68.2 in 2000 while for women the improvement was from 73.4 to 75.3 years.
7. Fertility
The average number of children born alive to an average woman decreased from 2.32 in 1990 to 2.01 in 2000.
8. Population ageing 
The number of persons aged 60 years and above increased by 20,000 from 87,500 at the 1990 Census to 107,500 at Census 2000.  As a percentage of total population, this represents an increase from 8.3% in 1990 to 9.1% in 2000.  Conversely the percentage of children under 15 years decreased from 29.7% in 1990 to 25.2% in 2000 (Table 2).
9. Lone parent households 
The number of female-headed households with unmarried children only (i.e. without spouse) increased from 16,700 in 1990 to 19,900 in year 2000.
16.     10. Unmarried mothers 
The number of unmarried women with children increased from around 900 in 1990 to 2,100 at Census 2000.
11. Households of elderly persons 
The number of households consisting only of old persons aged 60 years and above increased from 10,900 in 1990 to 15,600 in 2000.  Out of these, the number of elderly persons living alone increased from 6,700 in 1990 to 8,900 in 2000.
12.      Internal migration 
About 48,000 persons had moved from one district to another during the 5-year period preceding Census 2000. Port Louis was the biggest net loser while Plaines Wilhems and Black River were the two main receiving districts.  A similar trend was observed at the 1990 Census.
13.      Literacy rate 
The literacy rate of the population aged 12 years and above improved from 80.8% in 1990 to 85.0% in 2000.  For males, the rate improved from 85.6.% to 88.7% and for females from 76.1% to 81.5%.
14.      Educational attainment
The highest educational attainment of the population aged 15 years and over has improved between 1990 and 2000 (Table 3).
The proportion with primary school level only or below decreased from 59.4 % in 1990 to 49.8% in 2000.  During the same period, the proportion having passed SC increased from 11.2% to 13.6% while the proportion having passed HSC increased from 3.4% to 6.7%.  About 2.2 % had a tertiary qualification in 2000 compared to 1.6% in 1990.
15. Disability
The number of disabled persons increased from 27,800 at the 1990 Census to 40,800 at Census 2000.  As a percentage of the total population, this represents an increase from 2.6% in 1990 to 3.5% in 2000.
At the 2000 Census, the most common disability reported was “walking, running and other ambulation disability” with 9,100 cases compared to 5,300 in 1990.  This was followed by “seeing disability” with 6,700 cases in 2000 against 5,700 in 1990 (Table 4).

16.      16. Language usually or most often spoken at home 
The number of persons reporting only “Creole” as the language usually spoken in their home, rose from 652,200 in 1990 to 826,200 at Census 2000.  As a percentage of the total population, this represents an increase from 62% in 1990 to 70% in 2000.
Increases were also observed for “French” which was reported by 40,000 persons at Census 2000 compared to 34,500 in 1990, and for “English” which was reported by 3,500 persons in 2000 against 2,200 in 1990 (Table 5).
 Conversely, decreases were noted in the use of most asian languages.

17.  Activity status 
The number of currently active (i.e. employed and unemployed) persons aged 12 years and over increased by 82,300 from 432,100 in 1990 to 514,400 in 2000 (Table 6).   

During the same period, the number of currently inactive persons (i.e. not working and not looking for work) grew from 374,000 to 420,600.  The number of persons who were inactive because they were studying increased from 85,900 in 1990 to 115,600 in 2000.  The number inactive because of household duties decreased marginally from 218,400 in 1990 to 217,100 in 2000.
18. Employment 
The number of persons with a job increased by 58,700 from 407,600 in 1990 to 466,300 in 2000, which represents an annual increase of about 5,900. 
The employed male population increased from 283,600 in 1990 to reach 310,800 at Census 2000 while the female employed population grew from 124,000 to 155,500 during the same period. 
The mean age of the working population increased from 34.2 years in 1990 to 36.8 years in year 2000.
19. Employment status 

The percentage of self-employed persons increased from 13% in 1990 to 16% in 2000 while the percentage of employees declined from 85% to 83% during the same period (Table 7). 
Among employees, the percentage on monthly rates of pay increased from 62% in 1990 to 78% in 2000, implying improvement in job security.
20. Industrial sector of employment 
The tertiary services sector continued to grow in importance, accounting for 49% of employment in 2000 compared to 40% in 1990.  The share of the primary sector (mainly agriculture) dropped from 17% in 1990 to 12% in 2000, while that of the secondary sector (mainly manufacturing and construction) decreased from 43% to 39% (Table 8).
21.  Employment by occupational groups 
The number of persons engaged in the upper occupational groups “legislators, senior officials & managers, professionals, technicians and associate professionals” increased by 40%, from 48,700 in 1990 to 68,400 at Census 2000 (Table 9).
It is worth noting that the number of females engaged in the upper occupational groups registered an increase of 72% growing from 14,100 to 24,300 during the period 1990-2000.
During the same period, the number of “clerks” rose by 24% from 31,600 to 39,200, while “service workers & shop sales workers” registered an increase of 92%, from 33,200 in 1990 to 63,800 in 2000.  A 10% increase was also noted in the number of “craft and related trades workers”, which rose from 81,800 in 1990 to 90,200 in year 2000.
The number of “plant and machine operators & assemblers” which stood at 83,800 in 1990 dropped marginally to 82,300 in year 2000.  The number of persons engaged in elementary occupations declined by 6%, from 110,400 to 103,500 during the same period.

22. Computing professionals 
The reported number of computing professionals increased from around 200 in 1990 to 800 in 2000, while the number of computer associate professionals rose from 700 to 850 during the same period. 

23.      Hours of work 

The average weekly number of hours worked decreased from 42.2 in 1990 to 40.8 in 2000 (Table 10).  The decrease was higher for women than for men.  In fact the decrease for men was 0.6 hour (from 42.9 in 1990 to 42.3 in 2000) against 2.7 hours for women (from 40.6 hours in 1990 to 37.9 in 2000).
As regards changes by sector of employment, the largest decrease occurred in co-operative enterprises (-7.8 hours) followed by household services (-5.4 hours).
The EPZ remains the sector with the longest weekly average although the figure declined by 2.0 hours (from 46.2 in 1990 to 44.2 in 2000).  It is to be noted that hours worked include overtime, if any.
24. Unemployment 
The number of unemployed unadjusted for possible over-reporting, increased from 24,400 at the 1990 Census to 48,100 at Census 2000 (Table 11).  The corresponding unemployment rate works out to 5.6% in 1990 and 9.6% in 2000.

It may be noted that the number of unemployed persons registered at the Employment Service Division of the Ministry of Training, Skills Development and Productivity increased from 14,100 in 1990 to 20,000 in year 2000. 
Thus the number of unemployed reported at the Census shows an increase of 97% over the period 1990 – 2000 while the number of unemployed registering at the Employment Service Division shows an increase of 42% only.
Central Statistics Office
Ministry of Economic Development, Financial Services and Corporate Affairs
Port Louis
December 2001
Contact person: L.F. Cheung Kai Suet (Ms)
Ag. Principal Statistician
Census Unit
Phone no.: 2122316/17 Ext 115