The history of census taking in Mauritius dates back to the eighteenth century. The Population Census conducted in year 2000 was the seventeenth for the Island of Mauritius and the seventh for the Island of Rodrigues.
The 2000 Housing and Population Census, which cost about 70 million rupees and mobilised some 6,200 field officers, was taken in two distinct rounds: the Housing Census followed by the Population Census. The main reason for adopting this procedure was to obtain at the Housing Census a list of names and addresses of heads of households which served as frame for the Population Census.
The Housing Census was conducted from 7 February to 18 June 2000 and the Population Census from 19 June to 16 July 2000 in respect of all persons alive at midnight on 2 July 2000.
The Housing Census questionnaire was filled in by fieldstaff. The Population Census questionnaire, a copy of which appears at the end of the report, was filled in by heads of households or by persons in charge of communal establishments; however, field enumerators had to provide assistance if needed and to check every questionnaire for completeness and consistency.
The processing of the census data was done on microcomputers using the software Integrated Microcomputer Processing System (IMPS) for Censuses and Surveys, which has been developed by the International Programs Center of the US Bureau of the Census.
The Housing and Population Census covered the Islands of Mauritius, Rodrigues and Agalega. As regards St Brandon, only a count of persons spending the census night was made; these islands are mainly fishing outposts, with no permanent residents.
The Census counted all persons present on Census night in all private households and communal establishments, including collective quarters, as well as usual residents who were absent on Census night. Combinations of answers to questions asked on whereabouts and usual address enable both the present population (de facto) and the resident population (de jure) counts.
At the 2000 Census the "de facto" population was 1,179,146 in the Republic of Mauritius whereas the resident population was 1,179,137. Census tables, unless otherwise stated, show the resident population; the distribution by the different islands was as follows:
|Area (sq.km)||Both Sexes||Male||Female|
|Island of Mauritius||1,865||1,143,069||566,056||577,013|
|Island of Rodrigues||104||35,779||17,700||18,079|
None of the published tables include Agalega and St. Brandon. The exclusion of the very small resident population in Agalega does not affect the usefulness of the tables. As for St. Brandon, there were no permanent residents at the time of the census, although 63 men, mostly fishermen, were present on the island on Census night.
Area level of tabulation
Different area levels of tabulation are used in this publication. An indication on the area levels at which tables are presented is given in the table of contents.
Several census tables have been prepared down to the level of Municipal Council Wards or Village Council Areas (MCW/VCA). Maps showing boundaries of the Municipal Council Wards and Village Council Areas are included in the Appendices together with a list of these areas within each district and their codes. All Municipal Ward and Village Council Area boundaries are given as they were on 2 July 2000, and all census data are in relation to these boundaries. Comparison of the 2000 Census data with the 1990 Census data at MCW/VCA level should be made with caution since there have been revisions of boundaries between the two censuses.
As regards Rodrigues, 14 zones grouping adjacent localities were demarcated as at the 1990 Census and some tables are published accordingly. A map showing the boundaries of these 14 zones as well as a list of localities found therein are included in the Appendices.
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